Coronavirus pandemic disrupts the global solar PV supply chain
The disruption caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on Chinese solar photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing companies has prompted a major jolt on the global solar PV supply chain. The resulting shortage of PV components is disrupting the industry at a global level, says GlobalData, a leading data and analytics company.
Somik Das, Senior Power Analyst at GlobalData, comments: “Many solar PV developers in Asia and other parts of the world have experienced prolonged delays in importing solar PV modules and other related supplies. The global solar PV value chain is particularly affected because the manufacturing capacity of the countries is concentrated in a few major markets such as China, the US, Taiwan and Japan. Most of these nations have been impacted by the pandemic. In addition to this many of the developers around the world are dependent on the Chinese manufacturers to provide the PV modules.”
Developers are not only facing component supply disruptions such as inverters and panels, but also labour shortages as quarantine measures are being implemented to contain the virus’s transmission.
Das continues: “The shortage of equipment and labour is not only confined to major markets such as China, the US, Japan and the UK, but also in other upcoming solar markets such as Australia, France, Spain, Taiwan and Malaysia. Since the initial implementation of tariffs in 2012, the US has slowly diversified its panels procurement base from being overly reliant on China to Malaysia, South Korea and Vietnam among others. However, with the pandemic impacting the aforementioned countries, the procurement supply chain of major markets like the US and several European countries, from these countries, is going to be negatively impacted. This in turn will cause major delay to the projects in the pipeline.”
The global solar industry is facing several challenges, inflicted by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. These challenges are strong enough to threaten the survival of various businesses and developers within the developed markets across the globe.
Das adds: “With challenges in procuring equipment and labour shortages, companies with long-term harboured projects are expected to face a great deal of inconvenience, increasing their exposure to risks and liabilities. However, the pandemic has taught the industry the negative aspects of being overly dependent on any one nation as a base for supplying components.
“Moving forward, major players in the developed economies will surely understand the importance of housing the components manufacturing units within the nation, which in the long run will significantly reduce the overdependence on other markets, and also reduce the negative impact of similar crisis situations, on the country’s solar sector.”